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Neonatology

Neonatology

HIGH-RISK FACTORS

Maternal Factors

  • Mother’s age either younger than 16 or older than 40 years
  • Diabetes or high blood pressure
  • Bleeding
  • Sexually transmitted diseases
  • Birth of twins, triplets or more
  • Too little or too much amniotic fluid
  • Premature rupture of membranes

Delivery Factors

  • Fetal distress or changes in organ systems due to lack of oxygen
  • Breech of delivery (buttocks delivered first) or other abnormal presentation
  • Cord around the baby's neck
  • Forceps or cesarean delivery

Baby Factors

  • Birth at gestational age less than 37 weeks or more than 42 weeks
  • Weight of the baby less than 2.5 kg or over 4 kg
  • Small for gestational age
  • Medication or resuscitation in the delivery room
  • Birth defects
  • Respiratory problems including rapid breathing, grunting or stopped breathing
  • Seizures
  • Low blood and sugar levels
  • Need for extra oxygen or monitoring, intravenous therapy, or medications
  • Special treatment or procedures such as a blood transfusion

Monitor Diseases and Issues Which Can Arise Such as

  • Neonatal jaundice (hyperbilirubinemia)
  • Infant respiratory distress syndrome
  • Neonatal sepsis
  • Neonatal bowel obstruction
  • Benign neonatal seizures
  • Neonatal hepatitis
  • Neonatal hypoglycemia
  • Perinatal asphyxia

The NICU is Used in Cases of

  • Premature birth
  • Extremely low birth weight
  • Major birth defects
  • Neonatal jaundice
  • Infant respiratory distress syndrome

The PICU is Used in Cases of

  • Severe infections
  • Trauma
  • After extensive surgery
  • Poisoning
  • Immunological disorders

Level 3 NICU

What is it?

Level 3 NICU is a neonatal intensive care unit to especially care for the ill and premature newborn babies.

Staff

Level 3 NICU’s have a wide variety of staff on site who are available 24 hours a day.

Neonatologists

They are paediatricians with additional training to care for newborn babies.

Newborn Care

Level 3 NICU’s care for babies born in less than 32 weeks of the gestation period as well as babies born with critical illness at all gestational ages. These facilities offer prompt and readily available access to a full range of paediatric medical subspecialities. They also offer a full range of respiratory support and perform advanced imaging.